Managed services are the practice of transferring day-to-day related management responsibility as a strategic method for improved effective and efficient operations.
SharePoint 2010 includes a fundamental architectural change from the previous version with the introduction of “Service Applications”. Service Applications are actually nothing more than a logical concept-In a nutshell I will say it is a collection of INDEPENDANT service, which are easier to manage, have their own database so it is easily recognisable in SQL. Most of them were available in older version (MOSS 2007) as SSP but in SharePoint 2010 Service application feature comes with more functionality and usability. Each of these applications represents a fundamental change to the functional decomposition of services within a farm, the single biggest factor in delivering platform hygiene for distributed application platforms.
Planning farm architectures it gives more flexibility to architectures as some of these applications can be shared across a farm. Sharing service applications across Web applications and farms greatly reduces the resources required to provide these services across multiple sites.
Service Applications in SharePoint 2010 (Source Technet)
|Access Services||Lets users view, edit, and interact with Access 2010 databases in a Web browser.|
|Business Data Connectivity service||Gives access to line-of-business data systems.|
|Excel Services Application||Lets users view and interact withExcel 2010 files in a Web browser.|
|Managed Metadata service||Manages taxonomy hierarchies, keywords and social tagging infrastructure, and publish content types across site collections.|
|PerformancePoint Service Application||Provides the capabilities of PerformancePoint.|
|Search service||Crawls content, produces index partitions, and serves search queries.|
|Secure Store Service||Provides single sign-on authentication to access multiple applications or services.|
|State service||Provides temporary storage of user session data for SharePoint Server components.|
|Usage and Health Data Collection service||Collects farm wide usage and health data, and provides the ability to view various usage and health reports.|
|User Profile service||Adds support for My Site Web sites, profile pages, social tagging and other social computing features.|
|Visio Graphics Service||Lets users view and refresh published Visio 2010 diagrams in a Web browser.|
|Web Analytics service||Provides Web service interfaces.|
|Word Automation Services||Performs automated bulk document conversions.|
|Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Settings Service||Provides multi-tenant functionality for service applications. Tracks subscription IDs and settings for services that are deployed in partitioned mode. Deployed through Windows PowerShell only.|
Some services are provided by other Microsoft products, including the services listed in the following table.
|Office Web Apps services:
||Office Web Apps is a Web-based productivity offering from Microsoft Office 2010 suites. Office Web Apps services include companions to Microsoft Word 2010, Microsoft Excel 2010, Microsoft PowerPoint 2010, and Microsoft OneNote 2010. These Web-based applications are stand-alone applications focused on offering access to Word 2010, PowerPoint 2010, Excel 2010, and OneNote 2010 documents through any browser across multiple platforms, lightweight creation and editing capabilities in standard formats, sharing and collaboration on those documents through the browser, and various Web-enabled scenarios. Documents created by using Office Web Apps are no different from documents that were created by using the corresponding desktop applications. The associated services are used to prepare documents for viewing and editing in a Web browser.|
|Microsoft Project Server 2010||Microsoft Project Server 2010 hosts one or more Microsoft Project Web Access instances, exposes scheduling functionality and other middle-tier calculations on Microsoft Project data, and exposes Web services for interacting with Microsoft Project 2010 data.|
This one is really a good blog about SharePoint Service application (In a Nutshell: SharePoint 2010 Service Applications)
Managed Metadata Services:
ECM (Enterprise Content Management) was always important aspect of SharePoint Product. When we talk about SharePoint ECM, few things always come in mind –Meta data, Content Type, site column…
In SP 2007 Metadata structure was not highly developed. Users are restricted to –
- Use a choice or lookup field (scoped to web, or possibly deployed as Feature which can give broader reach but more maintenance problems)
- Build a custom field type
- Buy a vendor’s solution (which will involve a custom field type somewhere)
- Attempt to simply guide authors to use the correct terms in textbox
Managed Metadata Services is one of the new features of SharePoint 2010 service application that
will provide enterprise management of metadata terms and content types for SharePoint 2010. This will allow organizations to share metadata taxonomies and terms across multiple SharePoint webs and site collections. In addition, Microsoft is finally allowing content types to be shared across webs and site collections using the same service. This will provide a much more unified view of data across the organization.
Different departments or groups may have their own site collections for managing their SharePoint application, but everyone in the organization can be using common content types and metadata. This will make unified search and retention across the organization much simpler as common terms can be used to search from data across the enterprise. Managed Metadata Services will be a huge leap for the management of metadata, and will enable powerful search and filters in SharePoint 2010.